Marie-Christine Zélem is a professor of Sociology at the University of Toulouse II, also qualified in anthropology. She is a member of the laboratory CERTOP (UMR 5044 du CNRS) on which she co-directs the pole PEPS (Environmental Polices and Social Practice). Her research interests are socio-technical devices and the conditions of social change. She questions the ways of reception of public environmental policies and the resistance to technological and social innovations. She is, notably, an expert on questions on economical building (ecological materials, low consumption, BEPOS (Energy plus buildings), professional training, multiple careers, the role of elected officials, smart-grids, home appliances, air conditioning, ECS (hot water),…), of territories with low to negative consumption (government, mobility,…) of energy precarity (Quebec, Guyana, France), of energy autonomy of isolated territories (Reunion Island, Guyana) and equipment and devices contributing to saving energy (LBC, EnR, energy stickers, GPE, DPE, nudges, smart-meters). She was part of a group of experts for the National Debate on Energy Transition (2013). She is a member of the Scientific Committee of the foundation Nicolas Hulot and of Global Chance. She is a also member of the PRES Toulouse, and of the Inter-university and Interdisciplinary Chair “Energies and Societies”.
“Research issues in the Sociology of Energy”.
Philippe Mallein is a sociologist, a practitioner of applied research and a specialist of “innovation through use”. Since the 1970s, his work has accompanied the diffusion of new information and communications technologies in France, a digital transition that is rich in comparisons to those of energy today. During his career he has worked for the promotion of SHS research, he was the initiator of the “CAUTIC” method, Assisted Conception through the Use of Technologies, Innovation and Change, for which he received the Cristal Prize from the CNRS in 2000. Today he is a Science, Innovation and Use Advisor at the CEA, and he will present to us during his conference his thoughts on the conditions of innovation in the domain of energy transition.
“Sociology, innovation and energy: the imagined deficit in the use of new energy technologies”.